As of: April 2012
Climate change scenarios for the Congo Basin
The Congo Basin is home to the world’s second-largest continuous rainforest, covering approximately 180 million hectares. Most of the people in the region depend directly on natural resources and agriculture. Poverty is widespread and electricity is comprehensively generated by hydropower. This makes the neighbouring countries especially susceptible to shifts in the ecosystem due to climate change. The members of the Central African Forest Commission (COMIFAC) wish to conserve forests and ensure their sustainable management. However, there is currently insufficient data to allow reliable forecasts to be made on the re-gional climate, which is impeding the development of climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies.
The project aims to provide national and regional decision-makers with climate change scenarios that have been calculated specifically for the Congo Basin, and which will enable them to adapt natural resource management strategies to climate change. Beyond this, the project supports COMIFAC with regard to the forthcoming international climate negotiations by means of the following measures:
- Establishing regional climate change scenarios for the Congo Basin
- Analysing the existing water resources and calculating water availability and flood and drought risks based on the various climate change scenarios
- Quantifying the influence of climate change on forestry and on water resources for agriculture and the energy sector
- Assessing the influence that climate change and fluctuations in climate will have on the region’s social, economic and ecological development
- Assessing the impact of climate change on the Congo Basin and thinking over the consequences with a view to the neighbouring states adopting a joint negotiating position in the post-Kyoto/Copenhagen process.
If the interests of the COMIFAC region are taken into account at the post-Kyoto/Copenhagen negotiations, this may provide a significant incentive to protect Earth’s second-largest green lung and to manage its resources sustainably. This will not only benefit the region and the people who live there, but the entire planet as a closed ecosystem.
|Target country:||Central Africa (COMIFAC member states)|
|Implementation:||Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Eschborn|
|Partners in the target country:||Central African Forest Commission (COMIFAC), Yaoundé
|Duration:||11/2009 to 04/2012